You can use spray polyurethane to get a flawless appearance on the wood. I have two areas with very glossy halos I need to soften to the original lacquer satin finish. Great Write up! 6 / 13. Hand-rubbing also removes dust nibs (the inevitable dust particles picked up during the finish application) and brush marks and other surface imperfections. That means waiting several days for an evaporative finish like shellac or lacquer, and at least a week for reactive finishes like varnish. Thin happens in two ways. A wet/dry sandpaper lubricated with water or a stearated sandpaper, like Norton 3X, will stay free of clogs almost indefinitely when rubbing out a fully cured finish. Make Your Polyurethane Finish Thick Enough. Fortunately, there is a way that just about ANY finish can be improved and it happens well after the final coat is applied. Oh now I see this post is extremely dated. The web is full of proper methods to solve this problem. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. "Rubbing out" is an abrasive process so poly will fight it. Most of our tabletops are finished with polyurethane varnish. The un-touched glossy varnish is broken up by the duller patches leveled by the wet sanding. Time to start rubbing out? Let it be, and it will flatten out. A polyurethane finish serves as a hard protective layer that absorbs the scratches and dings that would permanently damage a surface. My current favourite teaching site is ‘Mohawk’. This compound will make your wood a glass-like finish on to the clear coat. Rubbing out is nothing more than abrading the surface until it’s nice and smooth. In the photo below, you can see what we are looking for when buffing. Varnish (including polyurethane varnish) cures tough and scratch resistant, but it is the most difficult finish to rub to an even sheen—precisely because it is so scratch resistant. You'll know the surface is flat when it appear dull, with no shiny spots. From the second you start rubbing the finish, you start to improve the surface tremendously. Sand, Seal, and Stain . Increase the grits from 320x - 1500x-1800x. Before rubbing out the finish, you must allow it to dry for at least three days in optimal conditions (above 60 F with relative humidity at 50%), but it’s better to wait a week. Using lubricant slows down the cutting action of the steel wool, but it also makes it harder to judge how much finish you are taking off. I use wet/dry paper and a wood block to do this. Simply take a piece of 0000 steel wool, and put a small lump of wax on it. Pro Tip: Don’t keep working the finish. Lacquer is an evaporative finish. Hendrik Varju / Passion for Wood / September 2010 ISBN: 978-0-9781432-6-8 9 hours, 52 minutes on 5 DVDs. Polyurethane is a reactive finish; the finish is actually in layers. With each scratch or scuff, however, the polyurethane gloss begins to dull, eventually becoming dirty and worn looking. Cover the whole surface and rub it accurately. Sand with the grain just enough to smooth out major imperfections. I’m going to email for the compound info. If you’re applying a wipe on poly finish, and doing it the way I teach here, you may find that you’re left with an ideal look after several coats, and nothing more is needed.. Afterall, you can buy polyurethane in gloss, or in satin, and it’s supposed to cure with a nice even sheen.. You’ll find a few resources for learning the more advanced techniques at the end of this post. My father-in-law, now long dead, always told me to cut the first and final coat of polyurethane slightly with white spirit and apply the final coat with a lint free cloth. In order for this finish to work properly you need to use the proper polyurethane. When you apply the final coat of clear wood finish to a project, are you “finished”? What do you use for the buffing compound? Once you have sprayed polyurethane onto the wood surface, let it sit overnight. You … Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. October 19, 2005 . ( Log Out /  So we “rub out” the final coat to make it smooth and flat. It now has many coats of Poly on there so theres room for buffing/rubbing. Rubbing out a poly finish can be done, but as you suspect, there's a hazard built in because of the difference in the finish. I like to use the How to Apply Polyurethane, Oil-based Polyurethane Wood Finish; Re-staining Over Previously Stained Woodwork; Restoring Wood Trim Finish Without Stripping; Wood Finishing Paste Wax ; The Hand Rubbed Satin Finish – Part 3. A flawless surface is elusive. One method is to wet sand with silicon carbide sandpaper (the wet-or-dry stuff) and water. You can use the abrasives you're already using, but another tip you might like to try is to use the rough side of brown paper. I keep a can of spray poly handy in case of bubbles. However, it dries too fast for all the little laps and strokes to flow and level themselves on a top large enough for dining. The contact detail associated with Rubbing Out Water Based Polyurethane is also mentioned to make it easy for a user to contact the furniture seller. A finish that has not cured will not be Finishing a coffee table, handrail, or other wooden surface with polyurethane can be a lot of hard work, and it may be tempting to throw in the towel once you’re done. Finish with 1500-grit paper. Nobody likes to go back and do it again. So for a truly professional looking finish multiple thin coats of polyurethane is the key, not globing on extra thick coats. Don’t freak out when you see the finish right after you lay it down. You'll want to use OIL based polyurethane, not WATER based polyurethane. Yes, this terminology is very hard to discuss with a straight face. You have to wait until the finish is fully cured. Cover Large Areas Fast. I was applying wood carvings to this beautiful panel when the carving slipped and ruined the finish. Stop sooner at a lower grit and you can achieve the perfect semi-gloss, satin, or matte finish. We are proud of the quality of our products, and we stand behind them 100%. A finish that isn’t fully cured won’t rub out well, and the risk of sanding through the finish is much greater. home | projects | blog. Ihad good luck using my ROS with sanding film and soapy water on a big slab I finished with Arm-R-Seal. Sand the surface flat. Using Mirka Royal Micro sandpaper, always start with 1500-grit sandpaper. While rubbing out a finish eradicates many problems that occur during finishing, it’s surprising that few finishers do it. It forms a protective finish that is as hard as glass. poly isn't really a bad finish. The steel wool buffing process is fairly straightforward: After carefully wiping off the sanding dust or residue with a damp cloth, rub the entire finished surface with steel wool and lubricant in the direction of the grain. Rubbing out is nothing more than abrading the surface until it’s nice and smooth. The best finishes to rub are the evaporative finishes, shellac and lacquer. Simply take a piece of 0000 steel wool, and put a small lump of wax on it. A coat of polyurethane dries slowly, allowing dust to settle and requiring 24-48 hours between coats. The techniques for rubbing out a thin finish also apply to products like varnish or water-based solutions, whose coats don’t fuse together like lacquer or shellac. Rubbing Out Shellac by Paul T. Radovanic (email extract) Basically, "rubbing out" means the same thing as "sanding the finish". Begin by sanding just enough to flatten the finish, removing any nibs, drips, or other defects (Photo F). However, it dries too fast for all the little laps and strokes to flow and level themselves on a top large enough for dining. Quick Tip! Those of you who have heard of rubbing out a finish may associate it with hours and hours of painstaking work and difficult to master techniques known only to members of organizations with names like “The Absolutely Secret Society of Buffers and Polishers”. The satin is achieved by the flattening agents in the finish and when you rub it out you remove the flattening agents which are on the surface. My hat is off to Gary and his crew for the work. Before you ask, yes, you can even rub out a thin finish, like French polish or wipe-on polyurethane, but it's a necessity, in my mind, with all sprayed and brushed-on finishes. Experience guides us to ere on the side of plenty of rubbing before drying and inspecting. While you’re sanding away, remember that it’s all to easy to accidentally sand through the finish near sharp corners; be extra-careful not to bear down too much. Then lightly sand it, dry, with 400 or 600 grit paper. In reality, simply applying a few coats of clear finish and waiting for them to dry rarely leads to a smooth, consistent look. But as we mentioned above, advanced rubbing out is more involved; if you’re new to it, we recommend further research. Don’t freak out when you see the finish right after you lay it down. Here's a demonstration on how to rub out a finish after you've put your last coat of finish on your project. However, there are a few things you can do to take your project to the next level. Currently I am using paste wax and 0000 steel wool to rub out my finish, but I hear if other guys using different methods. Once you are satisfied with the look of the finish, and have completely removed the rubbing residue, apply a coat or two of a quality paste wax. To remove the gray mark, use 400-grit sandpaper, wet with lemon oil or mineral oil, and give the table a light sanding. By hand-rubbing your lacquer finish, you can take it one step further and give it a mirror-like shine. Rubbing out a thin finish requires special care to avoid abrading completely through it. If for any reason you are not satisfied with the merchandise you ordered, just return it within 90 days to receive a refund in the manner of original payment. No doubt there is a lot of fear generated by the concept of sanding and rubbing a clear finish that’s only six-thousandths of an … When you do, you’ll probably notice that the finish isn’t perfect. - The rule of thumb is that if you have a white or gray mark, it means moisture is trapped beneath the finish. The lubricant helps to float away grit and abraded materials and to reduce the size of the scratches made by the wool, allowing for a deeper sheen. Start with one of the old pieces of the 240-grit sandpaper you used to sand between coats earlier, then wrap it around a block of … Once you’ve taken care of the minor imperfections, it’s time to start bringing the surface up to a consistent satin sheen. While this polyurethane can help make your wood surfaces look smooth and glassy, it may feel a bit bumpy or uneven at first. Just roll it out and use the raking light to make sure the surface is completely covered. This removes the high spots, the embedded dust, the laps, etc. Heavy single coatings tend to leave your project looking “plasticy”. The reason for this is because Polyurethane varnish was originally designed for floors and has a primary quality of abrasion resistance. Then experiment on them to get a feel for rubbing out. Wipe away the rubbing slurry frequently to check your progress, and stop as soon as you have a consistent satin sheen. ( Log Out /  Take it to a high enough grit and you’ll be polishing the surface to a super high gloss. It is harder, more durable and dries more quickly than varnish. He always used the finest wire wool between coats but I have also used the wet and dry sandpaper to good effect. Again, it’s best to do the edges separately and with extra care not to cut through the finish. 8. ⚛ The information about Rubbing Out Water Based Polyurethane Steps To Get Rid Of Water Based Finish is completely presented here. And thanks for all your great videos, I have watched many hours of your material on youtube and your website, Quote; Link to post Share on other sites . In a basic rub out, you just want to take off any dust nibs and smooth out any visible tracks left over from the application process. Wipe-On (also called oil-based) polyurethane blends the best of both worlds of finishing: the high durability and protection of polyurethane with the simple wipe on application of an oil finish. there is a reason why it's extremely popular. Polyurethane is the modern product most often used as varnish, or clear finish, on stained and painted wood surfaces. When you sand and rub out the final finish you take off most of the surface which contains the satin. Ideally, using an alkyd or phenolic resin varnish that contains no poly is the best way to have a hard finish (poly is actually softer, too) that you can rub out to get a sheen less than high gloss or to level and … When you’ve finished, buff the wax with a soft cloth. The abrasive produces extremely fine, uniform "scratches" that go in the direction of the wood grain, helping to hide both brush marks and the "orange peel" texture common to sprayed finishes. With overlapping strokes make you way across the finished piece. Rockler Mixing Mate® Paint Lid, Gallon Size - Stir, Pour, and Store! Spraying the finish is the best method for a satin finish. This is why leveling is the pre-buffing step required next. That process is called rubbing out. This rub-out technique has only three steps. How to Install a Wireless Phone Charger in Your Project, Video: Building a Bathroom Vanity With Drawers - Part Two, High-quality brands and products you can trust, Expert advice and free post-purchase support, Exclusive, innovative products that help you Create with Confidence, Detailed instructions, technical specs and guides to make the most of your purchases. Those are even more likely to pick up dust nibs or irregularities that may be invisible to the eye, but are quickly revealed by our sense of touch. After dry buffing, we polish with a finer pad lubricated by a compound made for the purpose. Rub until the compound gets dry totally. as you work, shine a light at a low angle across the surface. The final satin surface appeals to the eye and hand. ( Log Out /  The grit you use will depend entirely on how good the final coat of finish is. Additionally, how do you fix an uneven polyurethane finish? Hand Finishing and Rubbing Out Author: Hendrik Varju. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Jeff Jewitt’s, Great Wood Finishes and Bob Flexner’s, Understanding Wood Finishing both have excellent sections on rubbing out a finish, along with everything from detailed information types and properties of wood finishes to the basic finishing “dos” and “don’ts” that every woodworker should know. The Finish. The abrasive produces extremely fine, uniform "scratches" that go in the direction of the wood grain, helping to hide both brush marks and the "orange peel" texture common to sprayed finishes. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. But this is something to try as a fun experiment, not if you need a guaranteed result. This allowed the first coat to be absorbed easily and the final coat to be very thin and hardly noticeable. ⚛ The information about Rubbing Out Water Based Polyurethane Steps To Get Rid Of Water Based Finish is completely presented here. If your satin varnish is thick enough to leave brush marks, try thinning it at least 25%. After a few days, the solvent will begin to degrade the plastic, so don’t use plastic for long-term storage. Once the area is clean, now apply the Polyurethane finish on the piece, apply the even coat of the Polyurethane finish it is very important to make the long strokes, for the full coverage overlap the edges, then if there is any excess stain wipe it off and then let it dry. Try not to sand too hard or you may go through into the stain, requiring that you re-stain the area. Hand-rubbing a polyurethane finish with fine sandpaper or pumice can overcome poly's "plastic" or "removed" look, and bring back some of the wood's natural tone. Add more wax to the steel wool as necessary. We proudly stand behind all of our products. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. A coat of polyurethane dries slowly, allowing dust to settle and requiring 24-48 hours between coats. For international returns, please click here. The “LAY IT ON THIN” rule applies to wipe on polyurethane as well as brushing on polyurethane. HomeRight Finish Max Fine Finish HVLP Sprayer, January 2021 Woodworker's Journal Free Plan: Dog Feeding Station. My wife wants to kill me. There are three strong reasons for doing so. This is just abrasive enough to take most nibs off without the risk of rubbing through the finish. You may also return purchases to a Rockler store near you for store credit. To reveal flaws (bubbles, brush marks, etc.) Polyurethane brings out the natural beauty of the wood grain. I sanded the area smooth then shot it with the spare. Learn Woodworking Tips & Tricks with Rockler. 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Which contains the satin satin varnish is thick enough to smooth out major imperfections current! Different from satin lacquer or varnish, or matte finish on more smoothly and reduces brush marks re looking when! It one step further and give a uniform flat, smooth surface the restoration simpler... Pro Tip: don ’ t take a long time solvent will begin degrade... This post interrupts the sheen is even and all the effects of the buffing solvent will begin to degrade plastic... Just roll it out and use the raking light to make it smooth and....